นโยบายงานวิจัย /จรรยาบรรณนักวิจัย /ระดับคุณภาพบทความวิจัยตีพิมพ์ /ระดับคุณภาพผลงานวิชาการ /แหล่งทุน /ดาวน์โหลด /ฐานข้อมูลวิจัย /วิเคราะห์-สังเคราะห์งานวิจัย /ลิขสิทธิ์ /ข่าว


Are we on the right track? Answers from a national survey of Thai graduates’ perceptions during the transition to the 6-year PharmD program


Author

-

Siritree Suttajit
Puckwipa Suwannaprom
Teeraporn Supapaan
Suntara Eakanunkul
Mayuree Tangkiatkumjai
Chuenjid Kongkaew
Claire Anderson
Payom Wongpoowarak


Journal

- Advances in Medical Education and Practice

Volume

- 2018

Year

- 2018

Publication type

- Research article (Inter)

Page list

- 713-722

Abstract

   

Purpose: To serve the higher demands of pharmaceutical services, pharmacy education in
Thailand has shifted from 5-year BPharm program to 6-year PharmD program with two specialization
tracks: pharmaceutical care (PC) and industrial pharmacy (IP). This study aimed
to compare the perceptions regarding professional competencies, pharmacy profession, and
planned workplace between graduates with 5-year BPharm and 6-year PharmD and between
those with PC and IP specialty.
Methods: A cross-sectional national survey using a paper–pencil self-administered questionnaire
was distributed to all new graduates attending the pharmacy licensure examination in
March 2015.
Results: Of all 1,937 questionnaires distributed, 1,744 were returned and completed (90%
response rate). Pharmacy graduates rated highest on their competencies in professional ethics,
followed by PC services and system management. They rated low confidence in medication
selection procurement and pharmaceutical industry competencies. The 6-year PharmD graduates
showed higher confidence in ethics and professional pride than the 5-year BPharm graduates.
Graduates with PC specialty rated higher perceived competency in PC, system management,
primary care, and consumer protection domains, while the IP graduates were superior in IP and
medication selection and procurement domains, and most graduates (PC and IP) intended to
work mainly in a hospital or a community pharmacy. Hospital was preferred for the PC graduates,
and the IP graduates were more likely to work in pharmaceutical industry, regulation and
consumer protection, sales and marketing, and academia.
Conclusion: With some gaps still to be filled, the transition from 5-year BPharm to 6-year
PharmD program with specialty tracks gave extra confidence to graduates in their specialty
competencies and professional pride, leading to differences in preferred workplace. The findings
of this study reflect that Thai pharmacy education continues to adjust to the needs of the society
and the changing health care environments. Longitudinal monitoring to observe this transition
is needed for both curriculum adjustment and competency of the graduates.
Keywords: attitude, pharmacy education, PharmD curriculum, competency, transition, Thailand


Keywords

   

attitude, pharmacy education, PharmD curriculum, competency, transition, Thailand