นโยบายงานวิจัย /จรรยาบรรณนักวิจัย /ระดับคุณภาพบทความวิจัยตีพิมพ์ /ระดับคุณภาพผลงานวิชาการ /แหล่งทุน /ดาวน์โหลด /ฐานข้อมูลวิจัย /วิเคราะห์-สังเคราะห์งานวิจัย /ลิขสิทธิ์ /ข่าว


Incidences of Adverse Drug Reactions due to Systemic Antibiotics from ADRs System at a Community Hospital


Author

-

Sarinya Nakdee, Suvapee Montreepo, Thanatcha Songmuang, Sawaeng Watcharathanakij, Nonglek Kunawaradisai


Journal

- IJPS

Volume

- 17

Year

- 2017

Publication type

- Research article (National)

Page list

- 619

Abstract

   

Introduction: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) is one of the problem occurred during patient care and it can lead to a loss in patient health status and loss in cost for economics. The objectives of this study was to determine the incidence of adverse drug reactions for systemic antibiotics used in a community hospital from 1st January - 31st December, 2015. Methods: This retrospective study was conducted and data were obtained from patients` computerized database in the hospital. Patient collecting sheet was used to collect data while Naranjo`s algorithm was used to identify the causing ADRs. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze data. Results: There were 10,121 patients receiving systemic antibiotics and 57 developed ADRs. The incidence of ADRs was 563.19 per 100,000 patients. Of those 57 cases, ADRs were categorized by each class of antibiotics. The reactions most found in Cephalosporins 61.40% (35 cases), Penicillins 14.04% (8 cases), Fluoroquinolone 7.02% (4 cases), and Macrolides 7.02% (4 cases). Moreover, it was found that ADRs were commonly reported in skin 80.70% (46 cases) and cardiovascular system 7.02% (4 cases). In terms of severity, ADRs were reported as non-serious 80.07% (46 cases); increasing the duration of treatment 14.03% (8 cases), disability 3.51% (2 cases) and fatal 1.75% (1 case). ADRs were classified by causality assessment and it revealed that 15.79% (9 cases) was ipossiblej and 84.21% (48 cases) was iprobablej. Conclusion: Cephalosporins had the highest incidence of ADRs comparing to others. Therefore, pharmacovigilance and adverse reactions detection system is highly important to decrease any loss to the patients.


Keywords

   

Adverse drug reaction (ADR), systemic antibiotics, incidence.